The Gloucester Historical Society

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Gloucester Place Names Project

** New ** Click to see the photo exhibit of past parishioners of St. James Anglican Church, Leitrim, one of Gloucester's oldest churches

Click to see Blossom Park History PowerPoint presentation

The origins of Gloucester, Vanier, Rockcliffe, East and South Ottawa Street Names

(updated April 11, 2023)
List sorted by Street Name
List sorted by Neighbourhood

The Stories Behind Street Names Presentation (April 18, 2021)

Gloucester Remembers Its War Veterans

View the
Updated Virtual War Memorial

Updated March 6, 2024

As of December 18, 2023, the photo links are repaired, more photos and newspaper clippings have been added. We welcome photo submissions.

Add a Veteran
or request a correction
or submit a photograph

NB. - Gloucester Veterans may have lived in any former Gloucester neighbourhood including New Edinburgh, Vanier, Rockcliffe, Overbrook, Alta Vista, Hunt Club, etc. and all parts of the former City of Gloucester

Billings Bridge - The most important entry point from Gloucester into Ottawa since 1830.
Here we see the current bridge on opening day, September 2, 1915
Photo by Binks & Wallis and supplied courtesy of Library and Archives Canada, Copy Number C-014138

The Story Behind the Picture
It is the day of the official opening of Billings Bridge, September 2, 1915. A large crowd has gathered including City engineer Askwith, Gloucester Reeve Caleb Hardy, his council and county officials, and Brad Billings, the so called 'King of Billings Bridge'. The bridge is brightly decorated with red, white and blue cheesecloth streamers and flags borrowed from the Exhibition association. The bridge is roped off at both ends and also decorated in preparation for an official ceremony. Cars are rounded up including the fire chief's car and the mayor's private vehicle. City controllers and councillors and newspapermen are assembled in the cars and they rush south from the city to the bridge. Without getting out of his car, Ottawa Mayor Nelson Porter cuts the rope and drives across the bridge with the other vehicles. After driving a short distance, they turn around and drive north across the bridge with the mayor briefly stopping. He insists that no speeches will be made and he quickly departs. What appears in the photo as a specially scripted event turned out to be totally underwhelming. [Ottawa Journal, September 3, 1915 p.14]

Ottawa Wards with Original Gloucester Boundary

When Was My Neighbourhood Part of Gloucester

Neighbourhood When Part of Gloucester When Absorbed into Ottawa Other Comments
Alta VistaPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Beacon HillPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Blackburn HamletPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Blossom ParkPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Billings BridgePrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Borthwick Ridge (The Ridge)Prior to 2001January 1, 2001
Cardinal HeightsPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Carlsbad SpringsPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Carson GrovePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Castle HeightsPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Chapel HillPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
ChateauneufPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Convent GlenPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
CyrvillePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Dolman RidgePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Eastway GardensPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
EllwoodPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Elizabeth ParkPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Elmvale AcresPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Emerald WoodsPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
FickoPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Findlay CreekPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
ForbesPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Gloucester GlenPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
GreenboroPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Hawthorne MeadowsPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
HeatheringtonPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
HerongatePrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Heron ParkPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Hiawatha ParkPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Hunt ClubPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Honey GablesPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
KemparkPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
LeitrimPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Lindenlea Prior to 1889 January 1, 1889
Long Island (north half)Prior to 1974January 1, 2001Ceded to Rideau Township on January 1, 1974
Manor ParkPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Mooney's BayPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
New EdinburghPrior to 1867 January 1, 1887Incorporated as a village in 1867
Notre-Dame-des-ChampsPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Orléans (west part) Prior to 2001January 1, 2001 Orléans was a semi-automonous Police Village from August 15, 1922 until January 1, 1974
Orléans VillagePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
OverbrookPrior to 1950January 1, 1950 Overbrook was a semi-automonous Poliece Village from August 15, 1922 until December 31, 1949
PineviewPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
PipervillePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Playfair ParkPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Quarries (Montreal Road)Prior to 1950January 1, 1950
QuinterraPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
RamsayvillePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Rideau ParkPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
The RidgePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
RidgemontPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Riverside ParkPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
RiverviewPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Riverside SouthPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Rockcliffe Park Prior to 1925 January 1, 2001 Rockcliffe was a semi-automonous Police Village starting on January 31, 1908. Incorporated as a village in 1925
Rothwell HeightsPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Sheffield GlenPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
South GloucesterPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
South KeysPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
SouthvalePrior to 1950January 1, 1950
SundridgePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Upper Hunt ClubPrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Urbandale AcresPrior to 1950January 1, 1950
Vanier (previously Eastview, Janeville)Prior to December 11, 1908January 1, 2001Incorporated as the Village of Eastview on December 11, 1908, renamed Vanier on January 1, 1969
WateridgePrior to 2001January 1, 2001
Windsor ParkPrior to 2001January 1, 2001

Gloucester Map 1950-2000

(Click on map for larger version)

History in the Making - The official opening of the Strandherd-Armstrong Bridge - July 12, 2014. The new Rideau River link between Gloucester and Nepean.


Other Coming Events

Next Board of Directors Meeting - The next Board of Directors meeting will take place on Saturday, September 21, 2024 at 9:30 a.m. at the Grace Johnston History Room, 4550B Bank Street. Parking next to the Firehall on Leitrim Road. The meeting is open to the public.

Township of Gloucester
County of Carleton
Ontario, Canada

Originally, all the land bordering the Ottawa River east of the Rideau River to the Cumberland Boundary and south to Osgoode Township, belonged to what was then, the Township of Gloucester. Parts of the township were annexed by the City of Ottawa over the years, or were incorporated as separate municipalities. Eastview (now known as Vanier) was incorporated in 1908 and Rockcliffe Park in 1925. Annexations began with New Edinburgh in 1887 and followed by a much larger annexation in 1950. The remainder of the township was incorporated as a city in 1981. The city was then amalgamated as part of the city of Ottawa in 2001.

The township is divided into four parts. First, the Junction Gore is bounded by the Ottawa River on the north, the Rideau River on the northwest, St. Laurent Blvd on the east and Walkley Road on the south. The Ottawa Front is bounded by the Ottawa River on the north, Osgoode Township on the south, Cumberland Township on the east and St. Laurent Blvd. and Ramsayville Road on the west. The Rideau Front is bounded by the Rideau River on the west, Walkley Road on the north, Ramsayville Road on the east and Osgoode Township (Mitch Owens Road) on the south. A small portion of the township along the Rideau River west of Spratt Road and covering from Honey Gables to Manotick is known as the Broken Front.

Within these boundary, small villages and distinct communities were founded. A list of Gloucester Place Names can be found here. For the purpose of this list, the Ottawa Front was divided into two. The north portion is bounded by the Mer Bleue, a natural dividing point, and the Walkley Road baseline.

1879 map of the township showing many old and modern place names can be found here .

A map showing modern community names can be found here .

Farms and market gardens flourished in the villages and communities in those early days. The township also originally included some of the Ottawa area's most expensive residential real estate in Rockcliffe Park.

Many stories are written about these past times. The Gloucester Historical Society's publications, along with other interesting research material and books on local history may be viewed at the Society's research room at 4550 Bank Street (off of Leitrim Road).


(September 13, 2022) Gladys Wicker grew up in Overbrook during the 1930s and 1940s. She was very gracious to share her memories of those days in a video interview which took place in September and October 2020. Click Here to view .
(September 13, 2022) Hurdman's Bridge is a Gloucester village that has disappeared, now over 70 years ago. A former crossroads between Russell and Tremblay Roads and Hurdman's Bridge, it was an important entry point into Ottawa and had multiple railway junctions. Here is a story of the Turner family who lived near the bridge. Click Here to view .
(December 19, 2020) Did you ever wonder how a street was named? The Gloucester Historical Society has assembled a new list of street names and who or what they are named after. The list is far from complete and we welcome information on any street. Click Here to view .
(August 18, 2020) Disasters of the Century. A video documentary about the CF100 crash into the Villa St. Louis, Orléans on May 15, 1956. Click Here to view .
(July 2, 2020) The National Film Board's "A Bus - For Us" from 1972. A film about the Beacon Hill Express popularly known as the 'Beacon Hill Bullet'. Click Here . Watch for the old Capital Coach depot on Ogilvie Road, Township of Gloucester sign and Pure Spring delivery truck. This was the trial that led to OC Transpo's express bus network that started in 1974.
(January 19, 2020) The Reeves and Mayors of Rockcliffe and Vanier (Eastview) and the Police and Fire Chiefs of Vanier have now been added and can be found here Click here. The lists for Eastview and Vanier have been substantially updated on January 19, 2020 including Clerks and Treasurers.
(November 16, 2019) Captain Steven Dieter's presentation on October 27, 2019 titled "From Normandy to the Scheldt, Remembering those from Gloucester Township who fell in duty". This tells the story of Gloucester and Eastview servicemen who lost their lives between November 6 and October 27, 1944. Click here to view video
(October 23, 2019) John Saunderson (1936-2018) remembers life at Mooney's Bay and Elmvale Acres. The narrator is Russell Johnston. Video courtesy of Storyline Production. Click here to view video
(February 19, 2019) Ontario Land Registry Records are now available on-line. This is an enormous resource for those researching the history of particular properties including houses. In order to use this resource, you will need to know the legal description of the property, such as Concession and Lot numbers or Subdivision Plan and Lot numbers. Remember that Gloucester records are first identified by the Ottawa Land Registry Office. Click here for to Access Land Records
(January 20, 2019) Brief School and Church histories have been added to the website. Note: This is a work in progress and will be updated periodically. We welcome your contributions including additional information, donations of school and church histories and photographs. Click here for School Histories. Click here for Church Histories.
A video of our 2018 AGM speaker, John D. Reid presenting "A Blast from the Past, Ottawa's Weather at its Worst" . Video courtesy of Storyline Videos. Click here to view video. (October 25, 2018)
The Gloucester Historical Society now has digital copies of the Gloucester Photo Collection. Click here for the list of photos in the collection. (February 17, 2018)
A video recollection of the Carlsbad Spring spas. Video courtesy of Storyline Productions. Click here to view video. (February 17, 2018)
Family Names for which information is available at the Grace Johnston History Room has now been added here: Click here. (November 18, 2017)
Watch David Mowat's Presentation on the Woodburn and Ogilvie families involvement in the Klondike gold rush at the 2016 GHS Annual Meeting. Click here to view the video. (June 18, 2016) The GHS wishes to thank Wasim Baobaid of Storyline Productions for filming, editing and posting this video on the Internet for public access.
Learn about Tom Cruise's three year residence in Beacon Hill. Click here for the full story. (July 7, 2015)
Links Page fully updated to fix broken links. (May 23, 2015)
Publications may now be purchased by credit card through Paypal. (March 21, 2015) Click Here to Order
Gloucester Fire Chief and Township Clerk List Added (February 20, 2015) Click Here to View
Gloucester Police Chief List Added (February 16, 2015) Click Here to View
Gloucester Roots Index Added (February 14, 2014) Click Here to View
Newsletter Index Added (January 29, 2014) Click Here to View
Carleton County Wardens from Gloucester Added (October 17, 2013) Click Here to View
Gloucester History Page Improved - (February 13, 2011) A lot of information has been recorded in the Gloucester historic time-line over the last 5 years but as the time-line has grown more comprehensive, it has also become more difficult to find specific facts and stories. To make it easier, a comprehensive index has been added and navigation links will facilitate moving around the page. Click here to see the latest history page and index.
Gloucester Place Names Project - Perhaps, one of the most important research projects in the Society's history. The Society is attempting to identify and assemble all place names, past or present, within the original territory of Gloucester Township and provide some information on each.. This will be an evolving project which will lead to the publication of a book. In the meantime, our research will be appearing on this website. You are welcome to review our Place Names page.
Honey Gables - The Gloucester Historical Society is pleased to announce that we are collaborating with a community researcher with the end goal of producing a detailed written history of Honey Gables authored by the community researcher.  
Volunteers - If you are interested in history, there are opportunities to learn more about your community by helping out in the history room. Please contact us for details.
Donations - The Gloucester Historical Society always welcomes donations that preserve Gloucester History. We will accept family histories, community histories, organization histories, church histories, school histories, photographs, historic documents and artifacts. Items of historic significance will be preserved in an appropriate local museum or local archives. If you would like to donate something, please contact us.
GHS Newsletters Now On-Line - Click here to view almost every Newsletter published by the Gloucester Historical Society since 1993.

New Publications

New Publication (October 17, 2015) - Railways of Gloucester - and Beyond! is a 72 page book written by Leslie Goodwin and edited by Joan Scott. This is a follow-up of Leslie's excellent presentation at the 2015 Annual Meeting. The book covers all the railways that once crossed Gloucester Township and includes dozens of photos, many in colour and many that have never been published before. An excellent resource for those interested in local railway history. The price is just $20.00.

New Publication (June 28, 2014) - 40 Years of Top Generation Club:  1974-2014 is an 80-page book produced for the June 2014 anniversary of the seniors’ club that was responsible for restoring the one-room Ramsayville School, built in 1894. The school, originally known as Gloucester School Section #13, was abandoned and left at the mercy of vandals in the early 1970s when a group of local seniors saw the potential for putting it to use as their clubhouse. Forty years later it is a designated heritage building in excellent condition that is used regularly by the Top Generation Club and other groups. The book, edited by Laurel Sherrer, features a history of the club and of the schoolhouse written by club member Belma (Alexander) Hull, as well as individual recollections of several long-time club members and others associated with the early days of the club.

New Publication (April 21, 2013) - Gloucester A to Z by Robert Serré
This 60 page book covers a wide range of topics in the history of Gloucester from Arenas to Women's Institutes. Click here for more details.

New Publication (April 20, 2013) - The Emergency Shelters at Finter (Rockcliffe) and Uplands 1946 - 1954 by Glenn Clark
The first of new series, this 24 page booklet explains the history of the post war Emergency Shelters at Uplands and Rockcliffe that helped address Ottawa's housing shortage at the time. The Rockcliffe Shelter was officially named Finter and was Gloucester's most short lived communities. At its peak, it had 1,700 residents. Its demise was highly controversial. Read why.

New Publication (February 7, 2013) - Who was Who in Ottawa 1855 - 1967 by Robert Serré, 2013
Bytown was renamed Ottawa on January 1, 1855. This book provides 345 biographical profiles of well known residents up to our Centennial year. For further information, click here.

Did you know?

1. The Rideau River was originally the boundary between Gloucester and Nepean Townships as far north as Rideau Falls.

2. The north half of Long Island at Manotick was once part of Gloucester.

3. Hog's Back Falls bordered on Gloucester.

4. Rideau Hall and the 24 Sussex Drive (the Prime Minister's residence) were once in Gloucester

5. The Village of Rockcliffe Park was once part of Gloucester.

6. The City of Vanier was once part of Gloucester.

7. The jumble of roads, ramps and bridges next to RCMP Headquarters on the Vanier Parkway was once the thriving village of Hurdman's Bridge.

8. Greenboro Transitway station is adjacent to the former village of Ellwood.

9. Billings Bridge was once the centre of Gloucester Township including the first bridge to Bytown, a post office, 2 schools, 3 churches, the township hall, an Orange Hall, 3 ice houses, a brickyard, a toll gate and several other businesses.

10. The intersection of Russell and Walkley Roads was once the village of Hawthorne, traces of which have entirely disappeared.

11. Cummings Bridge once crossed via the island south of the current bridge. The island is named Cummings Island, named after the Cummings family who lived on the island for many years.

12. Ottawa's streetcars once travelled into Gloucester as far east as the north end of St. Laurent Boulvevard where the RCMP stables are now located.

13. The current Billings Bridge and Cummings Bridge were both originally designed for streetcars but neither would ever be used for that purpose.

14. Gloucester had two historic airports at Rockcliffe and Uplands, however, the first inter-city airmail flight into Ottawa used neither. That historic flight in 1913 made use of Slattery's Field, in Ottawa East.

15. Do you know which islands in the Rideau River originally belonged to Gloucester and Nepean? Porter's Island, Cummings Island and the north half of Long Island were part of Gloucester. Green Island and Nicholls Island (at Long Island Locks) were part of Nepean. The south half of Long Island was part of Osgoode Township.

Picture of the Month - April 2019

The Gloucester of Chain of Office

The chain was originally presented to former Gloucester Mayor Harry Allen on March 25, 1988 by page Erinn O’Brien, then age 8 at the Gloucester council chamber.  It features 20 gold medals on a green velvet backing with the name of each mayor engraved on the medallions since the city was incorporated in 1981.  The bottom of the chain features a 3-inch malachite medallion including a full colour version of the Gloucester Coat of Arms.

The chain of office was a project of the Gloucester Chamber of Commerce and there were 21 donors.  The donors included:

AM-TECH Electrical Services
Brilok Construction (1985) Ltd.
Campeau Corporation
Canadian Tire Associate Store
Counsel Property Corporation
First Messenger
The Glenview Corporation
Paul Landry General Insurance
The Leader
Minto Construction Ltd.
R.J. Nichol Construction
Pineview Golf Course
Rideau Plumbing & Heating
Royal Lepage Real Estate
The Seltzer Organization
Shenkman Corporation
Telesat Canada
Gloucester Chamber of Commerce

The presentation featured a pronouncement by the official town crier and a message by Chamber president Regis Trudel.  It was a symbol of the Chief Magistrate of the municipality and was to be worn by the mayor with dignity and respect and as a symbol of integrity, goodwill and fairness.

The ceremony ended with a musical medley including a flute solo by Jacques Fontaine of Orléans.  A reception of hors d’oeuvres and champagne followed.

With city amalgamation impending, and as the very last motion, Gloucester City Council turned over the chain of office to then Gloucester Historical Society President Guy Legault for preservation.  This took place at the last council meeting in December 2000.

Former Gloucester Mayor Claudette Coulas (Cain) presented the Chain of Office to Ottawa Mayor Jim Watson on Sunday, April 14, 2019 as part of the Gloucester Historical Society Annual General Meeting.

About the Logo:
For many years the Gloucester Historical Society used the wooden bicycle which had been made by 17 year old James Blair in 1898. The official logo as shown above was designed by R.N. Strong, Graphic Designer, who was commissioned to come up with a meaningful design.

The original bicycle is incorporated in the design and the colours of the Gloucester Historical Society, yellow and green are used. The green in the part below the word "Gloucester" represents a ploughed field, complete with furrows.

Last Updated June 16, 2024

The Gloucester Historical Society acknowledges the financial assistance of the City of Ottawa

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